Pandemic and Young People

DAC Team

As part of its ongoing efforts towards hearing from the youth directly about their challenges, needs and prioritize during a pandemic, the 10to19 Dasra Adolescents Collaborative (DAC) and EnterChange Innovations (ECI) organized the third youth consultation with young people from 5 north-eastern states on August 10, 2021. The consultation saw participation from 30 urban adolescents and youth from Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur and Nagaland and Sikkim.

Previously, DAC and ECI has engaged about 130 people from two virtual consultations with young people from Jharkhand, and Bihar and Rajasthan, respectively. ECI is a youth engagement partner for DAC, and is a leading organization that engages youth on matters of sexual and reproductive health and sexual rights.

The objective of these youth consultations is to bring together young voices on one platform, to hear directly from them about their challenges and needs amid a global pandemic, and to learn how are they dealing with their mental health in these stressful times. The conversations were largely broken down into two areas — Understanding the impact of the pandemic on their lives and the coping mechanisms they have adopted to deal with them; and understanding their concerns and questions that have stemmed from the living in the pandemic.

Impact of the Pandemic

An initial survey among the participants indicated that as many as 71% of the young people attended the session found worry and tension to be their top feeling over the last year and a half of the pandemic. One of the major reasons for this, according to the participants, was uncertainty about the current times and unpredictability about the future.

While speaking to the group, various issues come up. While the safety of one’s health and that of their family was of outmost importance and concern, there were several other factors as well.

  • Education was one of the major stressors. Most of the students claimed that initially, when institutes were closed during the national lockdown, they felt happy and excited about an unexpected long holiday. However, as weeks passed into months, they started working about the lagging behind on their curriculum, lack of practical or field experience, delays in completing education or starting college, and a drop in quality of teaching and learning opportunities. This roadblock to learning and career led to the feeling of hopelessness among many.

  • Lack of socializing was another stressor. In the absence of comfort of friends and family, and several students locked in away from their parents, there was higher idle time and increase in negative thoughts about isolation and threat from the virus. Lack of opportunity to step out of the house for recreational activities further added to the feeling of isolation, despair and boredom.

  • Misinformation about the virus and safety precautions in the early months of the pandemic often added to the stress for young people. There was too much information everywhere, but hard to determine what was fact and what was fake. In the last few months of the pandemic, the problem of misinformation has resurfaced but this time it’s around the efficacy and safety of taking vaccinations.

  • Fragile mental health was also discussed as a recurring stressor among the participants. Several young people accepted to suffering from mental health issues prior to the pandemic. For most of them, the pandemic was an even more difficult period as they had to deal with the situation alone and at a time when everything outside one’s home was grim. Anxiousness and anger often competing with each other.

Dealing with the Pandemic

As the group engaged with each other on the impact of the pandemic on their lives, they also spoke to each other about how they tried to deal with the situation. And a range of activities and approaches were shared for this purpose.

  1. Learning to spend time with oneself: Several young participants admitted that the pandemic had pushed them into spending time with themselves, eventually making them comfortable with the idea. Many of them believed that they had learnt to slow down and understand themselves better during the pandemic.

  2. Meditation: Meditation, breathing exercises, yoga and exercise turned out to be a popular activity that a lot of young people engaged in. They said that meditation allowed them to stay calm and channel their anger or anxiousness.

  3. Digital detox: A few young people said that at a time when they were disconnected with their loved ones and the Internet full of grim news, staying away from social media apps, messaging apps and news allowed them to re-center and de-stress.

  4. Hobbies: A lot of young people said that they either picked up a new hobby during the pandemic or picked an old one that they hadn’t given time to in a long time. This allowed them to not only be productive and upskill, but also kept their mind away from negative thoughts.

  5. Social Connectedness: As friends and families were forced into physical distancing and physical isolation, many youths mentioned that social connectedness helped them navigate the pandemic and not feel alone. Video calls, online group games, social media and messaging services allowed them to stay connected with their loved ones and provide support to each other.

  6. Peer Learning: A lot of students shared that they used the period of the pandemic to engage in peer learning and support their classmates and friends cover the curriculum and prepare for examinations.

  7. Practicing Gratitude: A couple of young participants shared that practicing gratitude helped them deal with the situation, be grateful for what they have, and show empathy for those who were struggling.

Next Steps

  • As next steps, the 10to19 Dasra Adolescents Collaborative has planned a similar consultation with young people in the southern states of India to understand their challenges and their needs but to also address their questions and concerns about their present and their futures.
  • An easy-to-reference document based on the questions and concerns received from these sessions will be shared back with the participants.
  • Based on the learnings collated through our consultations, and other engagements, a charter of action will be co-created with key stakeholders to provide an action pathway for supporting young people out of the Covid crisis. 
  • We will be establishing a Youth Working Group, to provide their perspectives on challenges and solutions for immediate and longer-term COVID responses focused on adolescents & youth. 
  • We are also leveraging social and traditional media to raise the adolescent perspective in the mainstream narrative around COVID and beyond. 

Annexure: Key Concerns Raised by Young People

Having heard from the participants about their challenges and their approaches to dealing with the pandemic, the session also provided them with an opportunity to share their questions with the facilitators. These questions, which ranged from personal and family to the virus and role of the government, were able to capture broadly what the young people are thinking, what are their concerns, what are the myths that they have heard and what do they need from the stakeholders that support them.

At the 10to19 Dasra Adolescents Collaborative, we hope to pick up some of the pressing questions and collate answers/recommendations to them over a series of engagements with them and other stakeholders. We also want to use of these questions and suggestion from the young people and take it to the government.

Health & Safety:

  • Which vaccine is better? And do they suit everyone?
  • Which vaccine is better if you’re planning to go abroad to study?
  • Should one get health check-ups to understand the long-term impact of the disease on our health?
  • What are the side-effects of the covid vaccine?
  • Are masks being really effective?
  • Do we need to follow the SOPs after getting fully vaccinated? How long will the SOPs and protocols continue?
  • If we are following all safety protocols, how effective is the vaccine then?
  • Is this a right time to plan a family or conceive?
  • How should we deal with some absurd safety rules and regulation that the administration imposes?
    •  

Education & Career:

    • What are the plans to improve access to digital technology in the space of education?
    • When will normalcy return in the education space?
    • How should students deal with online exams or cancellation of board exams?
    • How can we overcome the situation of unemployment and job loss in the market right now?
    • Is it true that pandemic graduates won’t get jobs easily?

Suggestions for the government:

      • Caste-based reservation should be replaced with financial capacity-based reservation in educational institutions

      • There is a need to relax rules and regulations for the daily wage earners and other marginalized population

      • Institutions should create a safe space for students to be able to share their experiences of the pandemic

Reference Example for easy understanding

Table 1

The policy gap(s) addressed by the program

The exclusion of young people in the decision-making process for policy issues surrounding adolescents

Community need(s) addressed by the program

Greater awareness and understanding of adolescent issues regarding their education, sexual and reproductive health, and early marriage

Opportunity for innovation addressed by the program

The opportunity to bring and work together with critical stakeholders on a single platform

Table 2

Day-to-day program activities

Stakeholder management, vendor management

Periodic program activities

Monitoring, Reporting, Training of Personnel

One-off program activities

Government advocacy, designing campaigns

Tools/frameworks/systems & processes/ways of working from the program

Systems Change Framework

Table 3

Program practices

Is the practice impactful? If yes, list down why?

Is the practice sustainable? If yes, list down why?   

Is the practice scalable? If yes, list down why?  

Is the practice innovative and/or unique? If yes, list down why?  

Youth-led social audits and presenting youth-centric priorities directly to decision makers

Yes, as it allows young people to directly engage with decision makers and contribute to the decision-making process

Yes, as it equips young people with leadership skills. It is also cost effective due to the long-term gains it offers upon initial investment

Yes, as such training modules can be replicated across multiple initiatives by other practitioners & organizations. In addition, trained young people can also train other young people

Yes, as it follows an approach which centers its design and delivery around young people, in an end-to-end manner

+

+

+

+

+

Table 4

Promising Practice

Youth-led social audits and presenting youth-centric priorities directly to decision makers to: (i) create a platform for youth to exercise their agency (ii) effectively engage decision makers

Source

  • Verbal evidence from community
  • Verbal feedback from on-ground team members
  • Project report & surveys

Details

Community feedback of adolescents feeling confident, understood, and acknowledge

On-ground team feedback on creation of government champions for the project’s objectives

Project report and surveys observe greater youth involvement and efficacy in engaging directly with decision maker

Table 5

RECOMMENDATIONS

Promising Practice

Youth-led social audits and presenting youth-centric priorities directly to decision makers to: (i) create a platform for youth to exercise their agency (ii) effectively engage decision makers

The demographic it addresses

Adolescents from the age of 10 to 19 years

The gap/ need/ opportunity it addresses

The exclusion of adolescents and young people in the decision-making process for policy issues regarding adolescents and young people

Govt stakeholders

Holding consultations with critical stakeholders and young people from the inception of a program

Funders

Taking inputs from all stakeholders and young people before initiating a new project to ensure a deeper visibility and understanding of their demographic and its needs

Other Practitioners

Engaging young people in decision-making processes to adopt a more collaborative approach between stakeholders and young people

Community Stakeholders

Undertaking youth-led social audits and engagement with decision makers to engage directly with young people, understand their needs & concerns and influence change at the community level

5

Objective Review

Outcome

Promising Practices and recommendations ratified by at least one member/ partner organization/ community/ MEL partners outside of ‘the team’

5

Objective Review

Objective

To validate the final promising practice and recommendation(s) by at least one person/ partner organization/ community/ MEL partners outside of the team.

4

Document

Outcome

2-3 promising practices documenting:

 

  • What gap/need is addressed
  • How it is addressed and the change that is created
  • The potential for replicating along with recommendations for implementing

4

Document

Objective

To document the promising practices in a detailed manner

3

Develop into a recommendation

Outcome

Well-articulated recommendation(s) addressing:

 

  • Demographic to cater to
  • Gaps/needs/opportunities addressed by the practice
  • The change brought in by implementing such a practice

3

DEVELOP INTO A RECOMMENDATION

Objective

To construct a recommendation in a brief, specific and clear-cut format which would assist other initiatives in implementing the same

2

CALIBRATE & SUBSTANTIATE

Outcome

Obtaining qualitative and/or quantitative data to assess the promise of the shortlisted practices according to the five guiding factors

Arriving at first list of promising practices

2

CALIBRATE & SUBSTANTIATE

Objective

To substantiate the shortlisted practices by collating gathered data in the form of:

 

  • Feedback from the community
  • Verbal accounts of the ground team
  • Documentation reports
  • Other valuable data

1

List & Shortlist

Outcome

Identifying:

  • Policy gaps
  • Community needs
  • Opportunities for innovation and other aspects that the program is addressing.

    Creating a list of program practices that are working on-ground in bridging gaps/needs/opportunities.

1

List & Shortlist

Objective

To identify gaps/needs/opportunities and to shortlist program practices that are impactful, sustainable, scalable, innovative and/or unique.